Formula 1 helmets are highly regarded as one of the most protective and durable helmets available in the market. The sleek designs and superlative engineering have given it a high degree of superiority over its competitors. The first three head tests which grade a Formula 1 helmet on a scale of ten are the crash test, impact test and penetration test.
Impact testing is used to evaluate the performance of a Formula One helmet during high speed impacts. In this test, a heavy weight (10kg) is dropped on the helmet from a very high height. The impact velocity is measured against the amount of deceleration experienced by the body due to the impact. The penetration test then follows to measure the ability of the helmet’s materials to absorb impact and reduce injury when hit. Finally, the impact test assesses the structural integrity of the helmet to ensure it will withstand regular collisions.
During the impact test, the weight and the height are adjusted so that the pressure exerted on the skull is equal to the force of the crash. In this way, we can gauge how well the material of the helmet will be able to support the skull when hit. This test also reveals the helmet’s ability to bear the shock of impacts. It is used to measure the total load the head experiences during the crash, and gives an idea on how much weight the helmets can handle.
In the impact test, the visor of the helmet is shot at four air guns or impactors. This analyzes how strong the impact protection material is inside the helmet in order to ensure that it will not fail under impact. Next, the collision test examines the strength and quality of the material of the head gear and determines if it is sufficient to support the skull during impact. To achieve this, a heavy impact is placed on the visor and the force of the impact is measured against the amount of displacement that is produced. from the impact.
The penetration test looks for any cracks in the material or the surface beneath the visor. If any crack occurs, the visor’s integrity is jeopardized and it must be replaced immediately. This is used to determine whether the visor has any defects that can affect the overall safety of the driver during the race. If any cracks occur in the material of the face shield, the material may need to be repaired or replaced and the entire face shield needs to be replaced.
In the penetration test, the entire face shield is shot through a gun at high speed. It is used to evaluate the material’s capability to absorb impacts. The thickness, rigidity and strength of the material and the smoothness of the surface is investigated in this test. A camera that can record video is also used to show the actual crash test and to check the results after the test has been completed. The speed of impact is measured in such a way that it can be compared with the speed of impact recorded during the crash to determine the speed at which the car passed through.
The third test, the ballistic test, tests the impact protection of the materials using a gun. This test assesses the level of impact resistance of the helmets to ensure that the impact protection material has sufficient ability to absorb the forces involved during the crash. When a series of four to five impactors strike the material, the helmet has to withstand the forces applied on the material to determine the amount of force needed to completely penetrate the material.
Most high speed collisions involve an impact on the driver’s head. It is very important to have a helmet that can endure these impacts in order to prevent serious injuries. All three types of tests used by the Formula One teams are important in assessing the safety of each driver’s helmet and they must be able to withstand the maximum forces involved during the collisions.